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Estonian-Tibetan Cultural Society (ETCS) is an academic non-profit organization, founded with the aim to study and introduce Tibetan culture in Estonia.


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May 14 ETCS organized a Day of Tibet, where the following papers were presented:
  • Leho Rubis (Tartu University). Connections between the development of Indian Buddhist art and the rise of Mahayana Buddhism.
  • Laur Järv (Tartu Ülikool). About the tradition of debate in Tibet, relying on “The Entrance Gate for the Learned” by Sakya Pandita.
  • Sandra Maasalu (Tartu Ülikool). De facto independent Tibet 1913-1951 as a case of unofficial diplomacy.
  • Kadri Raudsepp (Tallinna Ülikool). About contemporary Tibetan literature, as illustrated by the case of Dön drup Gyel (1953-1985).
  • Eve Sankovski (Tartu Ülikool). Tibet's nature and animals.
    During the break everybody could taste the Tibetan national dish tsampa and dresil dessert. The day was concluded by a documentary “Secrets of Shangri-La: Quest for Sacred Caves” (National Geographic 2009).
  • March 10 Kundun (Martin Scorcese, 1997), an epic film about the early years of HH the Dalai Lama, introduced by Laur Järv.


    December 14 A film about Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, one of the most remarkable 20th c Tibetan Buddhist masters: Brilliant Moon: Glimpses of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche (Neten Chokling, 2010). Introduction by Kadri Raudsepp.
    May 15 ETCS organized a Day of Tibet, where the following papers were presented:
  • Roy Strider (Amnesty International). Kingdom of Mustang in the whirl of change.
  • Kadi Neemre (Tallinn University of Technology). Resistance in Tibet 2008-2010 from the viewpoint of Non-violent Action Theory by Gene Sharp.
  • Kadri Raudsepp (Tallinn University). How contemporary Tibetans see the West and understand Buddhism: interviews in Kathmandu in April 2010.
  • Maret Kark (Institute for Tibetan Studies). Bidya Dandaron about Nazi mysticism: Ernst Schäfer's Tibet expeditions (1930-1939).
  • Teet Toome (Institute for Buddhism). Gradual path in Tibetan Buddhism.
  • Laur Järv (Tartu University). Thangtong Gyelpo (1361?-1485): Tibetan yogin, iron bridge builder and master of longevity.
    The day concluded with a BBC documentary The Lost World of Tibet (2007).
  • February 11 An evening devoted to Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Norbu Rinpoche. Märt Läänemets introduced the recent Estonian translation of Rinpoche's book What makes you not a Buddhist, followed by the film Words of My Perfect Teacher (Lesley Ann Patten 2003).


    November 19 ETCS, together with the Society of Himalayan Cultures organized a film evening "Himalayas - between Tradition and Changing World", screening two documentaries A Man Called Nomad (Alex Gabbay 2005) and Bhutan – The Height Of Happiness? (Brian Becker 2008). Films were introduced by Natalia Munatajeva.
    November 19 Kadri Raudsepp lead a workshop on how to make Tibetan tea and khapse biscuits.
    May 30 ETCS organized a Day of Tibetan Culture with a seminar, a small exhibition of Tibetan Buddhist ritual items and Tibetan tea. The following papers were presented:
  • Kadri Raudsepp. Namthar genre in Tibetan literature and the biography of Nyangrel Nyima Ozer (1136-1204).
  • Laur Järv. Four classes of tantras in the context of Sakya Pandita's "A Clear Differentation of the Three Codes".
  • Maret Kark. About the background of Bidya Dandaron's mahamudra project.
    The use and meaning of Tibetan Buddhist ritual items at the exhibition was explained by Lama Sangyas.
    The day concluded with a documentary about Tibetan shamans Fate of the Lhapa (Sarah Sifers, 2007), introduced by Aado Lintrop.
  • March 22-29 ETCS hosted the monks of Lhodak Gaden Dhonnyiling monastery, who constructed Medicine Buddha sand mandala and performed ritual dances in Tartu and Viljandi.


    May 17 Tibet support torch on Suur Munamägi hill, the highest point in Estonia, expressed solidarity with Tibet.
    April 26 ETCS organized a Day of Tibetan Culture with a seminar, a small exhibition of Tibetan Buddhist statues and Tibetan tea. The following papers were presented:
  • Leho Rubis. About the origin and development of the concept of mandala as exemplified by the Buddhist cave temples in Ellora.
  • Kadri Raudsepp. The development of notions rnying ma and gsar ma as designating distinct Buddhist schools.
  • Laur Järv. Jonang - a suppressed school in Tibetan Buddhism.
  • Maret Kark. How to understand Buddhist modernism.
  • Urmas Pappel. Tibetan factor in the Sino-Indian border conflict.
    The talks were followed by a documentary Journeys with Tibetan medicine (dir. Martin Saxer, 2005).
  • April 17 khenpo Könchok Tamphel (Drikung Kagyu Institute, India) spoke about Knowledge and practice in Buddhism.


    February 25 ETCS celebrated the Tibetan prayer festival MÖNLAM with a small exhibition of Tibetan traditional thangka painings and a seminar. The following papers were presented:
  • Leho Rubis. The paradox of information in the canons of Buddhist art.
  • Kadri Raudsepp. Tibetan polemic literature in 10.-13. century.
  • Laur Järv. Mind training (blo sbyong).
  • Maret Kark. The history and development of Tibetan Studies in the West.
  • Ott Ojaperv. Julius Evola's interpretation of Buddhism.
  • Natalja Munatajeva. Ladakhi women in the midst of cultural changes.
    The day was concluded by a film Tibetan Village Wedding (dir. Puhua Dongzhi, 2005).
  • 2006

    November 3 Laur Järv and Ott Ojaperv discussed Tibetan monastic education and Buddhist scholasticism, introducing the book The Sound of Two Hands Clapping: The Education of a Tibetan Buddhist Monk by Georges Dreyfus (Univ. Calif. Press 2003).
    June 10 annual meeting of the society adopted changes to the statutes of the society and elected a new board. The meeting was followed by two short films by Puhua Dongzhi: Tibetan Village Wedding (2005) and Perfection of Wisdom (2004).
    April 21-23 PhD Alexia Meyer-Kahlen (Germany) gave the seminar Madhyamika philosophy (II): in an introductory lecture she elucidated the Madhyamika school of thought compared to other Buddhist schools, and the seminar continued with the discussion on the Madhyamika-prasangika theory of emptiness based on Candrakirti's commentary Madhyamakavatara.
    April 12-13 Lama Wangchuk (Institut Karma Ling, France) outlined Gampopa's masterpiece The Jewel Ornament of Liberation.


    October 28-30 the course of Buddhist philosophy continued at the Institute for Tibetan Studies: PhD Alexia Meyer-Kahlen (Germany) gave the seminar Madhyamika philosophy (I) in the scientific system of 'Unity in Duality' initiated by Tarab Tulku Rinpoche XI (1934-2004).
    May 11 the society introduced the Tibetan film, Phörpa - The Cup, Bhutan 1999, directed by Khyentse Norbu, followed by annual meeting of the society.
    February 11-13 at the Institute for Tibetan Studies, continuing the course on Buddhist Philosophy, PhD Alexia Meyer-Kahlen, M.F.A. (Hamburg, Germany) explained the terminology and models of Yogacara philosophy.


    April 29 Introduction of the Estonian translation of The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying by Sogyal Rinpoche and the film The Tibetan Book of the Dead, National Film of Canada, 1999 at the Estonian National Museum, followed by the annual meeting of the society.
    January 30 -
    February 2
    PhD Tarab Tulku held a seminar on Yogacara philosophy.


    December 18 PhD Laur Järv (Jena, Germany) gave a talk Dharmakirti's arguments against theism and materialism.
    December 6-7 PhD Martin Boord (Oxford, England) held a seminar on Pema Trinle's (17th c.) commentary "Vividly clear essence of the Bhagavat Vajrakumara razor scripture application practice ritual".
    December 5 PhD Martin Boord (Oxford, England) gave a lecture Vajrakila: a wrathful deity of tantric Buddhism.
    November 29 PhD Andrey Terentyev (Sankt Petersburg, Russia) held a seminar on Interpreting and understanding Nagarjuna: "Mulamadhyamakakarika" in Indian, Tibetan and contemporary interpretations.
    November 28 at the History Museum of the University of Tartu during the evening with Tibetan art Andrey Terentyev gave an overview of the Tibetan Art Collections in Russia.
    June 21-22 PhD Tarab Tulku continued the seminar on Buddhist philosophy: Vaibhashika philosophy - science of mind and Introduction to Sautrantika philosophy.
    June 20 Psychotherapist Lene Handberg from Denmark presented a paper at the Institute for Tibetan Studies: Implementation of Unity in Duality in regard to Self-developmental / Psychotherapeutic Application.
    April 17 at the Estonian National Museum ETCS introduced the documentary film about the 20 prominent Tibetan yogis of the 20th century: The Yogis of Tibet (JEHM Films 2002 - Executive Producers Phil & Jo Borack). It was followed by the annual meeting of the society.
    February 1-2 at the Institute for Tibetan Studies and Estonian-Tibetan Cultural Society the course of Buddhist Philosophy continued with a seminar by Ph D Tarab Tulku on the Philosophy of the Vaibhashika school based on Abhidharma literature.


    November 27 the Estonian-Tibetan Cultural Society organized a seminar on Tibetan art and philosophy. The following papers were presented:
  • Leho Rubis. Parallels between Tibetan art and orthodox tradition of icon painting.
  • Ott Ojaperv. 19th letter of Bidja Dandaron (1914-1974) on Buddhist ethics.
  • Maret Kark. Gedun Chopel (1903/5-1951) - modern scholar of Tibet.
  • June 29-30 Tarab Tulku conducted a seminar on the Abhidharma theory of the Vaibhashika school.
    June 28 Institute for Tibetan Studies, initiated by the Estonian-Tibetan Cultural Society in cooperation with the international Tarab Institute, started a four year course on Buddhist philosophy and psychology.

    Ph D Tarab Tulku opened the course with a lecture Introduction to the Buddhist philosophy and psychology.

    May 11 the Estonian-Tibetan Cultural Society held its annual meeting and seminar on TIBETAN CULTURE AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES. The papers were presented by
  • Alar Kukk. The Conception of human being and illnesses in Tibetan medicine.
  • Jako Jaagu. Death experience in Buddhism.
  • Maret Kark. The Myth of the Tibetan Buddhist Kingdom.
  • 2001

    December 10 Candlelight Ceremony in Tartu Roman Catholic Church to mark the International Day of Human Rights. The holy Mass was offered for peace and human rights in Tibet and the whole world.
    November 30 Estonian-Tibetan Cultural Society organized a seminar on Tibetan culture and contemporary Tibet. The following papers were presented:
  • Renata Sõukand. Causes of Diseases in Tibetan and Estonian traditional Medicine.
  • Leho Rubis. Reflections on Sacrality in Art.
  • Alari Rammo. Tibet in China and China in Tibet: methods of propaganda in mass media.
  • Ott Ojaperv. Tibetan Buddhism as seen from Vatican.
  • June 19-21 His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso visited Estonia.
    May 24 Maret Kark talked about The political parties in Tibet at the beginning of the 20th century.
    April 28-29 Professor Tarab Tulku held a seminar on Nagarjuna's philosophical treatise "Mulamadhyamakakarika".
    April 27 Professor Tarab Tulku gave an open lecture on Madhyamaka philosophy.


    December 11 Märt Läänemets delivered a lecture on Tibet in China and China in Tibet: what impedes the fair and peaceful resolution of the problem of Tibet.
    December 10 Silent candlelight ceremony was dedicated to the International Day of Human Rights in Pirogov square, Tartu.
    November 27 at the seminar on the methods of Buddhist transformation Maret Kark spoke about sadhana as a Buddhist transformation program and Leho Rubis explained rituals and symbols in Tibetan Buddhism. The topic of the following panel was on feasibility of the Buddhist methods of transformation within contemporary Western society.
    October 12 Maret Kark made a report on Power struggle in the 8th century Tibet: the role of Padmasambhava, after which the perspectives and projects of the society for the academic year 2000-2001 were discussed.
    September 21 - 25 Chhimed Rigdzin Lama gave teachings on Tibetan terma tradition.
    April 14 Laur Järv demonstrated a selection of Tibetan language computer software.
    March 23 General meeting of the society elected the new board for the next three years.
    March 10 - 12 Prof. Tarab Tulku delivered a lecture on Indian and Tibetan Logical and Epistemological Tenets and gave a seminar Dzogchen - the Way of Intrinsic Awareness.
       February 11 At the annual meeting of the society Leho Rubis spoke about his travel to India and Dharamsala - the seat of the Tibetan government-in-exile.


    December 17 Jako Jaagu gave an introduction to Tibetan Bon Religion.
    December 10  Candlelight ceremony in Tartu Roman Catholic Church to mark the International Day of Human Rights. Afer the Mass devoted to human rights, Tibet and world peace, the ensemble Via Sonora performed early sacred music.
    September 17 - 19 Prof. Tarab Tulku delivered a lecture on Indian and Tibetan Buddhist Philosophy and gave a seminar Lucid Dreaming: Mobilizing the Creativity of the Unconscious.
    September 7 - 8 Dr.Hist. Andrey Terentyev, Editor-in-chief of the journal Buddhism of Russia and Narthang Publications from St. Petersburg gave lectures on Buddhism and Buddhist collections in Russia and "Lam-rim chen-mo" as a General Overview of a Buddhist Path.
    May 6 Leho Rubis gave an overview of Tibetan Sacred Art.
    April 7 Discussion about Buddhism and the West.
    February 16 Jako Jaagu explained Tibetan Astrology.


    December 10  Candlelight ceremony in support of human rights, Tibet and world peace. The ceremony was followed by a film about the history of Tibet in the 20th century.
    October-November  Video Festival on Tibet in co-operation with the Dzogchen Community and Istituto Shang Shung. Films about Tibetan culture were shown in Tartu, Pärnu, and Tallinn.
    September 25  A tea table discussion Tibetan Summer '98.
    April 3  Märt Läänemets spoke about his half-year stay in China
    February 27  Ott Ojaperv presented an introduction to the Buddhist Logic
    February 13 - 15  Ph.D., Lharampa Geshe Tarab Tulku from Copenhagen University gave a lecture on Tibetan Psychology and Psychotherapy and a seminar on Revealing Natural Energy Resources.


     December 10  The Day of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize. Maret Kark made a report about the Condition of Education in Tibet. Participation in the worldwide network of Lamp Mandala Ceremony for Tibet and world peace. 
    October 17  Jako Jaagu and Leho Rubis shared their impressions of the Tibetan Oil Lamps Ritual in Poland.
    July 23 A visit by Samdhong Rinpoche, the Head of the Tibetan Parliament-in-exile and Rector of the Tibetan University of Sarnath, and Chope Paljor Tsering, representative of HH the Dalai Lama in Eastern Europe. Samdhong Rinpoche delivered a lecture Nationalism and Democracy in Buddhism
    (Photos: Samdhong Rinpoche and Chope Paljor Tsering in front of the University of Tartu humanities building, Samdhong Rinpoche, guests and hosts together.) 
    July 14 - 23  ETCS helped to organize the 5th General assembly of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and the international conference Non-violence and Conflict in Estonia. 
    June 18 Linnart Mäll talked about the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization.
    May 9  Märt Läänemets conversed about China and its Neighbouring Nations: the Ideology of the Central State through History. 
    April 4  Linnart Mäll delivered a lecture about the History of Tibetan Studies in Estonia
    March 7  Foundation of ETCS. 

    Last updates 1 July 2011.